CRAIOVA, city in S. Romania. Sephardi Jews were living there from the first half of the 17th century. In 1790 they founded a ḥevra kaddisha, a Romanian landowner having granted them land for a cemetery. Ashkenazi Jews settled in Craiova in the mid-19th century, though their community was not officially founded until 1913. They owned two synagogues, the first built in 1842 and the other in 1880. Craiova was a center of Judeo-Spanish culture. In 1865 the Ashkenazi community established a boys' school which functioned until 1881. The Sephardi community maintained a separate school until 1887, when both schools were joined. There were 82 Jewish families in Craiova in 1831; 490 persons in 1860; 2, 891 in 1891; and 2,274 in 1930 (3.6% of the total population). In the Holocaust period, beginning in 1940, many Jews of Craiova were pauperized. Eighteen hundred Jews from northern Moldavia were forcibly transferred to Craiova. After the war, the Jewish population was augmented by the influx of refugees from northern Bukovina, who chose not to return to their former homes under Soviet rule. A few years later the majority settled in Israel. In 1969, some 75 Jewish families lived in Craiova; they had a synagogue. In 2004, 89 Jews lived there. An Institute of Jewish Studies was established at the University of Craiova in 1998. -BIBLIOGRAPHY: J. Barasch, in: Anuar pentru Israeliti, 16 (1894), 45–181; M. Schwarzfeld, Ochire asupra istoriei evreilor in Romania… (1889), 16, 40, 47; idem, in: Analele Societatii Istorice Iuliu Barasch, 2 (1888), 33, 35, 39, 41, 46, 52, 74, 106; J.B. Brociner, Chestiunea israelitilor romani, 1 (1910), 103; PK Romanyah, I, 236–40; M. Carp, Cartea neagra, 1 (1946), index. ADD. BIBLIOGRAPHY: A. Firescu, in: International Symposium on Sephardi Jews in South-Eastern Europe (1998), 39–45; A. Zimbler, ibid. (1998), 51–58; FEDROM-Comunitati evreiesti din Romania (Internet, 2004). (Theodor Lavi / Lucian-Zeev Herscovici (2nd ed.)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

Игры ⚽ Нужно решить контрольную?

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Craiova — Craiova …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Craiova — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Craiova Escudo …   Wikipedia Español

  • Craiova — Craiova …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Craiova — v. du S. O. de la Roumanie, en Valachie; 302 500 hab.; ch. l. du distr. de Dolj. Centre universitaire et industr.: chimie, métallurgie …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Craiova — [krä yō̂′və] city in SW Romania: pop. 304,000 …   English World dictionary

  • Craiova — Coordinates: 44°20′00″N 23°49′00″E / 44.333333°N 23.816667°E / 44.333333; 23.816667 …   Wikipedia

  • Craiova — Craiọva,   Hauptstadt des Kreises Dolj, Südrumänien, am Jiu, 314 900 Einwohner; wirtschaftlicher und kultureller Mittelpunkt der Kleinen Walachei (Oltenien); Universität (gegründet 1966), Museen, Nationaltheater; Maschinen und Fahrzeugbau,… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Craiova — 1 Original name in latin Craiova Name in other language State code RO Continent/City Europe/Bucharest longitude 46.58333 latitude 21.96667 altitude 138 Population 0 Date 2012 06 12 2 Original name in latin Craiova Name in other language CRA,… …   Cities with a population over 1000 database

  • Craiova — /krddah yaw vah/, n. a city in SW Rumania. 220,893. * * * City (pop., 2002: 302,622), southwestern Romania. Situated near the Jiu River, the area has long been settled; the remains of a Roman fort built under Trajan have been excavated nearby.… …   Universalium

  • Craiova — Sp Krajovà Ap Craiova L Dolžo aps. c., P Rumunija …   Pasaulio vietovardžiai. Internetinė duomenų bazė

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”